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Supply Chain & Logistics Glossary

Supply chain and logistics professionals speak their own language. Here’s your guide to cracking the code.

Freight audit services

What Is a Dockboard?

A dockboard is a movable ramp or bridge used to bridge the gap between a loading dock and a truck or trailer.

What Is a Dockleveler?

A Dockleveler is a hydraulic or mechanical platform that adjusts the height difference between a loading dock and a vehicle for safe loading and unloading.

What Is Double-Deep Storage?

Double-deep storage is a configuration that stores pallets two deep within racks, optimizing space utilization.

What Is Dunnage?

Dunnage refers to material (such as wood or foam) used to protect goods during transportation or storage.

What Is an Early Suppression First Respond Systems (ESFR)?

Early suppression first respond systems (ESFRs) are fire suppression systems designed to quickly detect and suppress fires in warehouses or storage facilities.

What is Economic Order Quantity (EOQ)?

Economic order quantity (EOQ) is the optimal order quantity that minimizes total inventory costs by balancing ordering costs and holding costs.

What Is Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)?

Electronic data interchange (EDI) is the electronic exchange of business documents (such as purchase orders, invoices and shipping notices) between trading partners.

What Is ERP (Enterprise Requirements Planning)?

Enterprise requirements planning (ERP) refers to integrated software systems that manage various business functions (including supply chain, finance and human resources) within an organization.

What Is 4PL (Fourth-Party Logistics)?

The term fourth-party logistics (4PL) refers to an external provider that manages and integrates multiple logistics services on behalf of a client, often overseeing other logistics providers. Also called managed transportation services, 4PLs can help supply chains offer better inventory service, lead-time reduction and eliminate accessorials

What Is the FCC (Federal Communications Commission)?

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is a U.S. regulatory agency responsible for managing communication technologies, including radio frequencies and wireless devices.